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What Is a Logistics Robot? What Are the Mainstream Application Classifications?

With the development of technology and the logistics industry's admiration and pursuit of intelligent logistics, as well as the continuous increase in labor costs, logistics robots have become an important means for many companies to reduce costs and increase efficiency. So, what is a logistics robot?

A logistics robot refers to a machine device that automatically performs operations such as goods transfer and handling in the warehousing process of goods circulation by accepting pre-determined programs or issued instructions from the system. It belongs to industrial robots.

From the perspective of application fields, logistics robots can be divided into two categories

One category is used in industrial manufacturing, and the other is used in commercial logistics. The main functions achieved by logistics robots are handling, stacking, destacking, sorting, etc. In the field of industrial manufacturing, industries such as automobiles, electronics, and metal processing are still the main application industries for logistics robots. In the field of commercial logistics, e-commerce and express delivery industries have the most urgent demand for logistics robots with sorting functions (AGVs).

Classification of logistics robots in different scenarios

According to different application scenarios, warehousing logistics robots can be divided into five categories, namely AGV robots, RGV shuttle cars, stacking robots, AMR robots, and sorting robots.

AGV robot

Also known as automated guided vehicle, which can be divided into guided vehicles with tracks and without tracks. It is an intelligent and flexible handling device, known as a mobile robot. Automatic handling guided vehicles are mainly used in industries such as electronics, printing, tobacco, and automobiles, and they have played an important role. The core technologies of AGVs include navigation technology, sensor technology, servo drive technology, system integration technology, etc.

RGV shuttle car

A smart warehousing equipment that can work together with forklifts, stacker cranes, and shuttle cars, suitable for dense storage rack areas. Through this equipment, efficient automated access to vertical warehouses can be realized, with fast operating speed, strong flexibility, and simple operation.

Stacking robot

Stacking robots mainly include polar coordinate robots, articulated robots, and Cartesian coordinate robots. Stacking robots have been widely used in various processes such as filling, bagging, carton packaging, and bottle packaging. Each stacking robot has an independent robot control system and can stack different shapes of goods accordingly.

AMR robot

Also known as autonomous mobile robot.

Sorting robot

Sorting robots generally have multifunctional mechanical arms, image recognition systems, sensors, etc., which can observe the shapes of objects through the image recognition system, and through the recognition system, place the objects in designated positions. This can achieve fast sorting of items, which is of great significance for improving sorting level and efficiency. In the current warehousing and logistics system, the application of sorting robots is not widespread enough, and some companies are trying to develop sorting robots that can achieve human-robot cooperation.

Logistics robots play a critical role in the entire intelligent logistics system. Among them, warehousing AGVs are widely used in the logistics industry and the warehousing storage, sorting centers, and transportation operations of major mainstream e-commerce platforms, mainly performing loading and unloading, handling, storage, sorting, and transportation tasks. It is believed that AGV handling robots will have great potential in the future.

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